THE CONCEPT OF MICRO TEACHING
Micro teaching is a form of teaching, Teaching itself is made up of a series of activities that are aimed at imparting learning outcomes into students. Three major elements are always involved in teaching; they are the teacher, the learner and the subjects matter to be learnt. Microteaching can therefore be described in these three ways:
1. It is a reduced (micro/miniature) teaching where the teaching period is reduced to us little as 5 minutes, the learners are reduced to a certain number and the subject matter is reduced to the barest minimum.
2. It can be described as an experimental teaching because the entire activities of the session are experimental. Mistakes are therefore pardonable and harmless. The teacher is expected to make mistakes which are corrected by colleagues and the supervising teacher.
3. Micro teaching is also mock teaching in the sense that the students in the class are not real students to the teacher because they are colleagues. The teacher too is not a real teacher to the students. He is a colleague to the mock students. Microteaching is therefore like a dramatized role-play by children. In the role play, a boy is not truly the father of the other boy neither is the other boy a son to the boy.
Micro teaching is an opportunity to present simple “snapshots” of what and how you teach and to get some feedback from colleagues. Microteaching involves a set of activities which the teacher trainees undergoes to acquire teaching skills.
It is a form of teaching where the teacher-trainee learns on the job, and masters important teaching skills. The trainee teacher is able. to receive immediate feedback of his teaching where he is able to discover his faults and adjust during a re-teach period. The teacher education program aims at producing teachers who will teach students who are of varying attitudes and innate tendencies. This is considered to be an up-hill task. Any mistakes committed by the teacher could cause a permanent damage to the life of the learners. The person who will undertake such a delicate job as teaching therefore is required to first experiment with colleagues and peers where mistake can be harmless and non-destructive. Micro teaching therefore is the laboratory where the teachers’ teaching skills are tested and refund before they can be served on the real learners.
Relevance of Micro teaching to Teacher Education Program
Micro teaching is an aspect of the educational process which aims at inculcating in prospective teachers, the skills, innovations, methods, techniques so as to become an efficient teacher. It is so fundamental that it is a compulsory component of the various teacher education programs run by Colleges of Education, Institutes and faculties of Education, where professional teachers are trained to Function, at the various education levels.
Advantages of Micro teaching
- Micro teaching facilitates the presentation of new methodology
by a professional teacher or an expert to a group of neophytes teachers or students or a group
- The knowledge of micro teaching ensures that trainee teachers
attend to the individual learners’ problems, than those who do not
have the experience of micro teaching.
- It provides opportunity for repetitive practice essential for
acquiring skills necessary for an effective classroom teaching.
- It promotes teachers desire for amplification of self knowledge in professional practice.
- It encourages the participants to be self-critical. Feedback in micro teaching helps the teacher-in-training identifies his own strengths and weaknesses.
Micro teaching through the use of videotape or audiotape ensures that neophyte teachers do self-evaluation for the improvement and enhancement of their skills.
7. The introduction of micro teaching as a course in the teacher education program adds credibility, integrity and versatility to the teaching profession. Every profession such as nursing, engineering, architecture, law and medicine has specific periods of academic and practical training. Teaching has met this requirement via the introduction of micro teaching.
8. It makes students to gain competency in the writing of objectives; delivery of lesson and feedback they receive will definitely ensure improvement in later teaching
9. Micro teaching ensures that teachers can learn teaching skill
better as the complexities of a conventional lesson is lesson whereby professional faults of a trainee teacher may be enlightened.
- It exposes the teacher trainees to the real teaching excepted of
them in the normal classroom. Teaching as a complex task required some skills and these have been simplified by microteaching. These complexities are in terms of number of students, duration and content.
Disadvantages of Micro teaching
- Micro teaching is not really the actual real teaching as its time (duration), number of students and teaching contents are usually grossly reduced
- It could be boring, uninteresting, strenuous and worrisome. This is so as one or few supervisors are expected to observe, criticize, correct and encourage each student until they master the skills.
- Some Universities, Institutes and Colleges of Education are without micro teaching laboratories. Even where they are available, they are poorly equipped and inadequate compared to the number of admitted and inadequate compared to the number of admitted students.
4. It is very expensive to carry out effectively since the use of electronic gadgets such as Video recorder, video tape and Close
Circuit Television (CCTV) are involved.
- Micro teaching sessions ordinarily lacks objectivity as students
are found to be bias and subjective. This makes the exercise more unreliable.